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All stocks are future multi-bagger stocks in the next 10 to 15 years. In investing however the stocks of these companies are known as MOAT stocks. This was done as a defense measure in order to make it harder for invaders to attack the castle. With the recent spates of market consolidation and corporate restructuring, influenced by the emergence of Reliance Jio as a player, this is happening at a great speed. Whether this will be beneficial or harmful for the customers, will depend mainly on the Ministry and actions of Telecom Authority of India and Competition commission, not on individual customers, who are dispersed and powerless. Although the sector is fairly deregulated, while increasing the retail price of petrol and diesel, HPCL, BPCL, IOL all reduce or increase price by the same amount per liter.

  • Adani owns a group of companies in varied businesses – ports, power, food and airports.
  • The Reliance-Future deal will put Reliance Retail beyond the reach of most players.
  • It may be defined as a market situation in which only a few producers affect the market.
  • In India, there are local brands such as Nivia Sports, Sareen sports, Tyka, HRX, Vector X that take on these multinational brands, however, a lot of them are not as old and long-standing as Nike or Adidas.
  • Generation and distribution of electricity is an expensive business to be in.

As of 2021, Nike Inc has a market share of 56.61% by total revenue. We analyse the nature of business and strategies of Nike vis-à-vis the characteristics of an oligopolistic market. Counterpoint Research, in a report, said the nationwide lockdown of almost 40 days led to almost zero shipments in April that contributed to the decline. “Still, it was one of the least affected segments and reached its highest ever share in the overall India smartphone market, contributing more than 4 per cent in total smartphone shipments,” it added. “If Covid continues to affect economic activities then defensive sectors like IT, pharma and FMCG will do well,” says fund manager Nilesh Shah. Oligopoly functions like a cartel, restricting the supply of goods to the consumer, collectively bidding and eliminating competition.

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“Monopolists , through intelligence and hard work, have built very high barriers for entry, which allow them to earn a return on capital of, say around, per cent – three times the cost of capital. Earlier in 2018, the CCI found Google violating the provisions of competition law for abusing its dominant position in the online search market and imposed a penalty of Rs 136 crore. Jio currently has a 35 per cent market share , followed by Bharti Airtel (28.7 per cent) and Vodafone Idea (25.5 per cent). Jio is also the leader in broadband with a 55.6 per cent share, followed by Airtel at 23 per cent. According to experts, some of these businesses have created entry barriers – regulatory or technology driven – which are insanely high. Strong barriers to entry in the market, e.g. brand loyalty (Coca-cola and Pepsi).

  • The oligopoly form is anti-competitive, restricts entry of new technologies, business enterprises, and increases prices at a disadvantage to the ultimate consumer.
  • It is owned by the Union government of India and is managed by the Ministry of Coal.
  • The flip side of this is that they have come under the purview of various anti-trust laws and have been heavily penalized as well.
  • These firms or producers work explicitly to restrict output and thus control the market returns.
  • Ft of reserves available can power the country for considerably longer than its oil resources.

Further you can also file TDS returns, generate Form-16, use our Tax Calculator software, claim HRA, check refund status and generate rent receipts for Income Tax Filing. ClearTax offers taxation & financial solutions to individuals, businesses, organizations & chartered accountants in India. ClearTax serves 1.5+ Million happy customers, 20000+ CAs & tax experts & 10000+ businesses across India. The index titled SENSEX of BSE is an index of trading of top _____ companies in terms of their volume of trade share prices. Monopoly- It is a type of market where only one seller ad he controls the entire market.

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But the products are similar but all sellers sell slightly differentiated products. Oligopolistic markets, thus, give rise to kinked demand curves. The kink is present at the intersection of the two demand curves. If there is one fuel that has the potential to prime India’s economic growth in the future, it is natural gas. Ft of reserves available can power the country for considerably longer than its oil resources. This, however, is dependent on the presence a right policy framework.

Such conditions, hence lead to unhealthy competition among the players as they are always up to grab the ever-shrinking market share. Such conditions also offer very limited choices to the customers/ buyers. Some thriving examples of oligopoly market are branded sportswear and sports goods , entertainment , e-commerce , telecom , airlines , etc.

In the business world, these Moats are either barriers to entry like huge capital, government restrictions, or business advantage that a company has made it hard to compete with them.  The fourth plan looked to the monopoly legislation and appropriate fiscal policy to reduce the concentration of economic power and further to encourage small scale industries. How the regulators help to shape up the market in a customer-friendly manner, with oligopolist service providers, is a matter to be watched in the future. How the government define the role of BSNL to check the oligopolists is also an essential element in the whole game. Even though the clarification on foreign direct investment policy is welcome, our failure to enforce the law of the land allowed these companies to become disproportionately large at the expense of the customer and sellers.

oligopoly market examples in india

Advertising is the key characteristic of the oligopolistic market. The firms are supposed to employ aggressive market techniques to defend the competition in the market. Due to interdependence, it is essential for the forms to invest a huge amount in the marketing and promotional activities. Thus, advertising has a great importance in an oligopoly strategy.

When the firms in an oligopoly market are in competition with each other, it is termed as a Non-collusive oligopoly market. In a non-collusive Oligopoly, there are only a few large firms. When one firm raises its price, other firms maintain their price level. As such, consumers buy goods from other firms at a lower price.

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This article aims to throw some insights into the nature of the market of the sports goods industry and how Nike functions in this environment. Efiling Income Tax Returns is made easy with ClearTax platform. Just upload your form 16, claim your deductions and get your acknowledgment number online. You can efile income tax return on your income from salary, house property, capital gains, business & profession and income from other sources.

oligopoly market examples in india

He has presented many papers and delivered many lectures on the capital market in national and international seminars. He has authored four books on economics, presented eight papers in international seminars and 65 papers in national seminars. Best stock discovery tool with +130 filters, built for fundamental analysis. Profitability, Growth, Valuation, Liquidity, and many more filters. Search Stocks Industry-wise, Export Data For Offline Analysis, Customizable Filters.

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So these giants are expanding rapidly to capture this one of the fastest-growing markets. Reliance retail also tried to acquire the loss-making retailer Big bazaar, but the deal didn’t happen. Supermarkets operate on a low margin, high volume basis as customers make high ticket purchases. As selling at the lowest pricing is the best way to attract Indian customers, most Indians who shop online belong to the Middle-class income category. Due to their duopoly, customers & even their partners such as drivers are suffering a lot.

  • Customers are getting issues like switched off ACs, cancelled rides, surge pricing, long wait times, etc.
  • It is the opposite of partial oligopoly and no particular industry or firm dominates the market.
  • ClearTax can also help you in getting your business registered for Goods & Services Tax Law.
  • An oligopolistic market is a factor driven market and has interdependence on various factors.

Perfect competition is a market structure where many firms offer a homogeneous product. Because there is freedom of entry and exit and perfect information, firms will make normal profits and prices will be kept low by competitive pressures. These firms may collude among themselves and restrict the supply of the commodity in order to raise the price of the product and enjoy higher profits. A cartel is a group of firms that agree to collide for maintaining the market price at a particular level by restricting the industry supply.

Thus, concentration treated as a technical concept dealing with concentration ratio giving the shares of the largest few firms in respect of some specific characteristics. Concentration is the capacity to influence economic decisions affecting the lives of large number of people, which is wielded by one or more persons, who has some obtained such capacity . Thus, we see concentration veblen goods are basically is an important dimension of market structure. Therefore, it is thought to play an important part in determining business behavior and performance. Non-Price competition- Under the oligopoly market structure, firms tend to avoid price competition and instead, focus on non-price competition. This can even build brand loyalty which helps in higher market control.

Collaboration between existing Vendors in the Market:

If it does, it automatically goes against the fundamentals of an oligopolistic market. As the name suggests this is an organized structure of oligopoly. In this strategy, an association is formed to fix prices, quotas, and output. It is the opposite of partial oligopoly and no particular industry or firm dominates the market. We will read about the definition of an oligopoly market, its characteristics and consider a few real-life examples. A partner at a law firm says market monopoly in itself should not be a cause of concern for the regulator.